Premium Stock Vectors. File Type: All Files Vector Logos. Nokia logo. Nokia Satellite. Nokia Tmf Awards. It was founded as a pulp mill and had long been associated with rubber and cables , but since the s focuses on large-scale telecommunications infrastructures , technology development, and licensing. After a partnership with Microsoft and market struggles, its mobile phone business was eventually bought by the former,   creating Microsoft Mobile as its successor in The company was viewed with national pride by Finns , as its successful mobile phone business made it by far the largest worldwide company and brand from Finland.
Nokia's history dates back to , when Finnish-Swede mining engineer Fredrik Idestam established a pulp mill near the town of Tampere , Finland then in the Russian Empire. A second pulp mill was opened in near the neighboring town of Nokia , offering better hydropower resources. In , Idestam, together with friend Leo Mechelin , formed a shared company from it and called it Nokia Ab in Swedish , Nokia Company being the English equivalent , after the site of the second pulp mill.
Idestam retired in , making Mechelin the company's chairman. Mechelin expanded into electricity generation by which Idestam had opposed. Finnish Rubber Works company grew rapidly when it moved to the Nokia region in the s to take advantage of the electrical power supply, and the cable company soon did too. Nokia at the time also made respirators for both civilian and military use, from the s well into the early s.
In , the three companies - Nokia, Kaapelitehdas and Finnish Rubber Works - merged and created a new Nokia Corporation, a new restructured form divided into four major businesses: In the early s, it entered the networking and radio industry. Nokia was now also making professional mobile radios , telephone switches , capacitors and chemicals.
After Finland's trade agreement with the Soviet Union in the s, Nokia expanded into the Soviet market. It soon widened trade, ranging from automatic telephone exchanges to robotics among others; by the late s the Soviet Union became a major market for Nokia, helping to yield high profits.
Nokia also co-operated on scientific technology with the Soviet Union. The U. Nokia imported many US-made components and used them for the Soviets, and according to U. By this time Finland were becoming what has been called "Nordic Japan". Under his leadership Nokia acquired many companies. In , Nokia acquired television maker Salora , followed by Swedish electronics and computer maker Luxor AB in , and French television maker Oceanic in This made Nokia the third-largest television manufacturer of Europe behind Philips and Thomson.
The existing brands continued to be used until the end of the television business in On 1 April Nokia bought the computer division of Ericsson 's Information Systems,  which originated as a computer division of Swedish aircraft and car manufacturer Saab called Datasaab. The merge with Nokia's existing Information Systems division—which already had a line of personal computers called MikroMikko since —resulted in the name Nokia Data.
Nokia also acquired Mobira, a mobile telephony company, which was the foundation of its future mobile phones business. In , Mobira launched the Nordic Mobile Telephone NMT service, the world's first international cellular network and the first to allow international roaming. In , Mobira launched the Mobira Senator car phone, Nokia's first mobile phone.
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At that time, the company had no interest in producing mobile phones, which the executive board regarded as akin to James Bond 's gadgets - improbably futuristic and niche devices. In , Kaapelitehdas discontinued production of cables at its Helsinki factory after 44 years, effectively shutting down the sub-company. With 11 groups within the company, Vuorilehto divested industrial units he deemed as un-strategic. Nokian Tyres Nokian Renkaat , a tyre producer originally formed as a division of Finnish Rubber Works in , split away from Nokia Corporation in Two years later, in , Finnish Rubber Works followed suit.
Investors thought of this as financial trouble and Nokia's stock price sank as a result. Finland was now also experiencing its worst recession in living memory , and the collapse of the Soviet Union, a major customer, made matters worse. Vuorilehto quit in January and was replaced by Jorma Ollila , who had been the head of the mobile phone business from and advised against selling that division. Ollila decided to turn Nokia into a ' telecom -oriented' company, and he eventually got rid of divisions like the power business.
This strategy proved to be very successful and the company grew rapidly in the following years. Nokia's first fully portable mobile phone after the Mobira Senator was the Mobira Cityman in In November , the Nokia launched, making it the first commercially available GSM mobile phone. The brand continued to be used for televisions until The sale included a factory in Turku , and the rights to use the Nokia, Finlux , Luxor , Salora , Schaub-Lorenz and Oceanic brands until the end of Nokia was the first to launch digital satellite receivers in the UK, announced in March In October , Nokia overtook Motorola to become the best-selling mobile phone brand,  and in December manufactured its millionth mobile phone.
Nokia claimed in April its Xav and K monitors to be the first with stereo speakers and a sub-woofer. In , Nokia co-founded Symbian Ltd. They released the Nokia Communicator running Symbian OS in and later that year created the Symbian Series 60 platform, later introducing it with their first camera phone , the Nokia Both Nokia and Symbian eventually became the largest smartphone hardware and software maker respectively, and in February Nokia became the largest shareholder of Symbian Ltd.
It was reported at the time that some people believed Nokia to be a Japanese company. The company would then be known as a successful and innovative maker of camera phones. Nokia was one of the pioneers of mobile gaming due to the popularity of Snake , which came pre-loaded on many products. In , Nokia attempted to break into the handheld gaming market with the N-Gage. However, the device was a failure, unable to challenge the dominant market leader Nintendo. Nokia attempted to revive N-Gage as a platform for their S60 smartphones, which eventually launched in In Q1 , Nokia's mobile phone handset market share steeply dropped to Nokia launched mobile TV trials in in Finland with content provided by public broadcaster Yle.
The services are based on the DVB-H standard.
It could be viewed with the widescreen Nokia smartphone with a special accessory enabling it to receive DVB-H signals. In Nokia developed a Linux -based operating system called Maemo , which shipped that year on the Nokia Internet Tablet. In November Nokia announced it would end mobile phone sales in Japan because of low market share. Nokia briefly returned to the computer market with the Booklet 3G netbook in August In late and in , the music-focused Xseries and consumer-focused Cseries were introduced respectively.
The old Symbian OS became completely open source in February Nokia's Symbian platform that had been the leading smartphone platform in Europe and Asia for many years was quickly becoming outdated and difficult for developers after the advent of iOS and Android. To counter this, Nokia planned to make their MeeGo Linux operating system, under development, the company's flagship on smartphones. Shortly after Elop's CEO tenure began, the Nokia board green-lit him the ability to change the company's mobile phones strategy, including changing operating systems.
On 11 February , Nokia announced a "strategic partnership" with Microsoft , under which it would adopt Windows Phone 7 as its primary operating system on smartphones, and integrate its services and platforms with its own, including Bing as search engine, and integration of Nokia Maps data into Bing Maps. Elop stated that Nokia chose not to use Android because of an apparent inability to "differentiate" its offerings, with critics also noting that his past ties to Microsoft may have also influenced the decision. The company posted a large loss for the second quarter of - only their second quarterly loss in 19 years.
Falling sales in , which were not being improved significantly with the Lumia line in , led to consecutive quarters of huge losses. In March , Nokia introduced a new corporate typeface called "Pure". That same day the Nokia was introduced with the new system. When the Lumia was announced in September , it was seen by the press as the first high-end Windows Phone that could challenge rivals due to its advanced feature set.
Elop said that the positive reaction to it had created a sense of hope and optimism in the company. In September Nokia announced the sale of its mobile and devices division to Microsoft. It was a surprising and somewhat odd launch coming just weeks away from the finalisation of the Microsoft buyout. Nokia also moved from its headquarters to another building complex located at Karaportti.
By , Nokia's global brand value according to Interbrand fell to 98th place,  a sharp slide from the 5th place it was in One former Nokia employee claimed that the company was run as a " Soviet -style bureaucracy ". After the sale of its mobile devices division, Nokia focused on network equipment through Nokia Networks. On 17 November , Nokia Technologies head Ramzi Haidamus disclosed that the company planned to re-enter the consumer electronics business as an original design manufacturer , licensing in-house hardware designs and technologies to third-party manufacturers.
Haidamus stated that the Nokia brand was "valuable" but "is diminishing in value, and that's why it is important that we reverse that trend very quickly, imminently. According to Robert Morlino, the spokesman of Nokia Technologies, Nokia planned follow the brand-licensing model rather than direct marketing of mobile devices due to the sale of its mobile devices division to Microsoft.
On 14 April , Nokia confirmed that it was in talks with the French telecommunications equipment company Alcatel-Lucent regarding a potential merger. Nokia shareholders hold The Bell Labs division was to be maintained, but the Alcatel-Lucent brand would be replaced by Nokia. From the acquisition Nokia is now also the owner of the Alcatel mobile phone brand , which continues to be licensed to TCL Corporation.
The company was integrated into a new Digital Health unit of Nokia Technologies. Nokia subsequently entered into a long-term licensing deal to make HMD the exclusive manufacturer of Nokia-branded phones and tablets outside Japan, operating in conjunction with Foxconn. The deal also granted HMD the right to essential patents and featurephone software. On 28 June Nokia demonstrated for the first time a 5G -ready network. On 5 July , Nokia and Xiaomi announced that they have signed a business collaboration agreement and a multi-year patent agreement, including a cross license to each company's cellular standard essential patents.
In , Nokia's brand value jumped places to th place compared to in the Brand Finance ranking. Its rise was attributed to its health portfolio and new mobile phones developed by HMD Global. On 19 January , Nokia signed a deal with NTT Docomo , Japan's largest mobile operator, to provide 5G wireless radio base stations in the country by On 13 March , Solidium , the investment arm of the Finnish government, purchased a 3. Nokia is a public limited-liability company listed on the Helsinki and New York stock exchanges. Nokia Networks is Nokia Corporation's largest division.
It is a multinational data networking and telecommunications equipment company headquartered in Espoo, Finland, and is the world's third-largest telecoms equipment manufacturer, measured by revenues after Huawei and Cisco. It has operations in around countries. Nokia Networks provides wireless and fixed network infrastructure, communications and networks service platforms and professional services to operators and service providers. Nokia Technologies is a division of Nokia that develops consumer products and licenses technology including the Nokia brand.
It consists of three labs: Radio Systems Lab, in areas of radio access, wireless local connectivity and radio implementation; Media Technologies Lab, in areas of multimedia and interaction; and Sensor and Material Technologies Lab, in areas of advanced sensing solutions, interaction methods, nanotechnologies and quantum technologies.
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Nokia Technologies also provides public participation in its development through the Invent with Nokia program. With its 8 synchronized shutter sensors and 8 microphones, the product can capture stereoscopic 3D video and spatial audio. On 31 August , Ramzi Haidamus announced he would be stepping down from his position as president of Nokia Technologies.
It became a subsidiary of Nokia Corporation after the takeover of Alcatel-Lucent in NGP Capital formerly Nokia Growth Partners is a global venture capital firm, focusing in investments on growth stage " Internet of things " IoT and mobile technology companies. Nokia had previously promoted innovation through venture sponsorships dating back to with Nokia Venture Partners, which was renamed BlueRun Ventures and spun off in In , the company was renamed to NGP Capital. Nuage Networks is a venture providing software-defined networking SDN solutions.
It was formed by Alcatel-Lucent in to develop a software overlay for automating and orchestrating hybrid clouds. Alcatel Mobile is a mobile phone brand owned by Nokia since It has been licensed since to Chinese company TCL when it was under the ownership of Alcatel later Alcatel-Lucent in a contract until The Nokia brand has been licensed by former Nokia employees who founded HMD Global and introduced Nokia-branded Android -based devices to the market in The control and management of Nokia is divided among the shareholders at a general meeting and the Nokia Group Leadership Team left ,  under the direction of the board of directors right.
The operations of the company are managed within the framework set by the Finnish Companies Act,  Nokia's Articles of Association,  and Corporate Governance Guidelines,  supplemented by the board of directors' adopted charters. Member of the Audit Committee Non-executive director Board member since Nokia is a public limited liability company and is the oldest company listed under the same name on the Helsinki Stock Exchange , beginning in Nokia's official corporate culture manifesto since the s is called The Nokia Way.
The official business language of Nokia is English. All documentation is written in English, and is used in official intra-company communication. In , Nokia adopted values that were defined with the key words respect , achievement , renewal and challenge. Based on the employee suggestions, the new values were defined as: Nokia are based at Karaportti in Espoo , Finland, just outside capital Helsinki.
It has been their head office since after moving from the purpose-built Nokia House in Espoo as part of the sale of the mobile phone business to Microsoft. In , Nokia Siemens Networks , a joint venture between Nokia and Siemens AG , reportedly provided Iran 's monopoly telecom company with technology that allowed it to intercept the Internet communications of its citizens.
The technology "enables authorities to not only block communication but to monitor it to gather information about individuals, as well as alter it for disinformation purposes". During the post-election protests in Iran in June , Iran's Internet access was reported to have slowed to less than a tenth of its normal speeds, which experts suspected was due to use of deep packet inspection.
In July , Nokia began to experience a boycott of their products and services in Iran. The boycott was led by consumers sympathetic to the post-election protest movement and targeted companies deemed to be collaborating with the regime. Demand for handsets fell and users began shunning SMS messaging. Nokia Siemens Networks asserted in a press release that it provided Iran only with a "lawful intercept capability solely for monitoring of local voice calls" and that it "has not provided any deep packet inspection, web censorship, or Internet filtering capability to Iran".
In , Nokia heavily supported a law in Finland that allows companies to monitor their employees' electronic communications in cases of suspected information leaking. The law was enacted, but with strict requirements for implementation of its provisions. In October , Nokia filed a lawsuit against Apple Inc. District Court of Delaware claiming that Apple infringed on 10 of its patents related to wireless communication including data transfer. Apple's general counsel, Bruce Sewell went a step further by stating, "Other companies must compete with us by inventing their own technologies, not just by stealing ours.
International Trade Commission ITC , alleging Apple of infringing its patents in "virtually all of its mobile phones, portable music players and computers". Apple countersued by filing a complaint with the ITC in January Nokia's Indian subsidiary has been charged in January with non-payment of TDS and transgressing transfer pricing norms in India.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Finnish technology corporation. For other uses, see Nokia disambiguation. Main entrance of Nokia's headquarters in Espoo. Nasdaq Helsinki: Telecommunications equipment Networking equipment. Operating income. Net income. Nokia Networks Nokia Technologies. Main article: History of Nokia. Nokia MAC laser rangefinder previously used by Finnish coastal artillery. Nokia Networks. Bell Labs. Alcatel Mobile.
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HMD Global. Finnish Rubber Works Suomen Kumitehdas logo, — Used in advertising and products until c. Nokia introduced its "Connecting People" advertising slogan in , coined by Ove Strandberg.
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New slogan typeface Nokia Sans font introduced in Nokia Sans had been used by Nokia in products since Bold version introduced in The company stopped using a slogan with its logo in Companies portal Telecommunication portal Microsoft portal Finland portal. Archived from the original on 10 May Retrieved 2 March
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